幻灯片 1

How to be cool
at college
Unit One
• Warming-up Questions
• Background Information
• Key language points
• Explanation to some difficult sentences
Warming-up Questions
• What are the differences between
college life and middle school life?
• What’s your purpose of going to
• What does going to college mean to
Background Information
Education in Britain and the U.S.
• Subject
• In England and Wales the
subjects taught in schools are
laid down by the National
Curriculum(课程), which was
introduced in 1988 and sets
out(制定) in detail the subjects
that children should study and
the levels of achievement they
should reach by the ages of 7, 11,
14 and 16, when they are tested.
The National Curriculum does
not apply in Scotland, where
each school decides what
subjects it will teach.
• In the US the subjects
taught are decided by
national and local
governments. Whereas
British schools usually
have prayers(祈祷) and
instruction, American
schools are not allowed to
include prayers or to teach
particular religious
• At 16 students in England and
Wales take GCSE examinations.
These examinations are taken
by students of all levels of
ability in any of a range of
subjects and may involve a
final examination, an
assessment(评价) of work done
during the two year course, or
both of these things. At 18
some students taken A-level
examinations, usually in not
more than 3 subjects. It is
necessary to have A-levels in
order to go to a university or
• In the US school
examinations are not as
important as they are in
Britain. Students in High
Schools do have exams at
the end of their last two
years, but these final
exams are considered
along with the work that
the students have done
during the school years.
Social Events and Ceremonies
• In American high schools there
is a formal ceremony for
Graduation (=completion of high
school). Students wear a special
cap and gown and receive a
diploma from the head of the
school. Students often buy a
class ring to ear, and a yearbook,
containing pictures of their
friends and teachers. There are
also special social events at
American schools. Sports
events are popular, and cheer
leaders lead the school in
supporting the school team and
singing the school song.
• In Britain, there are no formal
dances or social occasions(场合)
associated with school life.
Some schools have SPEECH
DAY at the end of the school
year when prizes are given to
the best students and speeches
are made by the head teacher
and sometimes an invited guest.
However, in many British
schools students and teachers
organize informal dances for the
older students.
Detailed Study of Text A
Key language points
Adj. 1) low in temperature, but not cold凉的;凉快的
The evenings are comfortably cool.
2)calm and not nervous, upset, or excited冷静的
keep/stay cool Keep a cool head
Try to keep cool when you're in danger
3)very good; impressive; fashionable; trendy
If you say that someone is cool, you mean that he is
fashionable, attractive and trendy.
• Educate:
v. teach and train
• His father sent him to Germany to be
• He was educated at a technical college.
• Education:
n. the result of teaching or the training of mind
and character 教育;训导;教育学
• intellectual education智育
• moral education德育
• physical education体育
• free (compulsory) education免费(义务)教育
• extent:
n.1) length, area, range长度、区域、范围
• Looking out of the window, we are able to see the full of
extent of the park.
• We are building a new racing track ten miles in extent.
• 2)a stated degree程度
• to a large/some/certain extent: 在很大/某种/一定程度上
• To a certain extent his ideas are valuable.
• We all to some extent remember the good times and
forget the bad.
• On one’s own:
alone; by oneself; without help靠自己
Children should learn to be on their owner
from day one.
• Whatever:
1) all that; no matter what 不论;无论
The children were allowed to do whatever they liked.
I am willing to pay whatever price you ask.
2) used to say that it is not important what happens,
what you do etc不管什么
Whatever I suggest, he always disagrees.
The building must be saved, whatever the cost.
3)used after mentioning one or two things to mean other
things of the same kind
You could put an advert in some magazine, journal,
• newspaper, or whatever.
• Career:
N. 1) a job or profession that you have been trained
for, and which you do for a long period of your life
• a career in journalism /a teaching career
• He realized that his acting career was over.
• 2) the period of time in your life that you spend
doing a particular activity
• Beating the defending champion has to be the
highlight of my career.
• He has had an honorable career.
• Decide on/upon:
• to choose something or someone after
thinking carefully选定,决定
• Have you decided on a date for the wedding?
• Even if/though:
• in spite of the fact that即使,纵然
• Even if you are a good high jumper, you
jump no more than three meters.
• Even if it rained heavily, we still marched on.
• Graduate:
v. to receive or give a degree or diploma
• The university graduated 300 students last year.
n. someone who has a university degree
• a graduate school研究所
• graduates from the science course理科毕业生
• a high-school graduate
• He's a graduate in philosophy.
• Keep up:
• 1)maintain; continue, persevere in保持;继
• Keep it up! Final victory is in sight.
• 2)preserve; observe保存;遵守
• Keep up an old custom
• 3)endure doing +(sth.); bear up so as not to
break down支持着做(某事);支撑
• We are too tired, but we keep it up with
remarkable enthusiasm.
• Opportunity:
n. chance, what will perhaps happen, time for you to
do something
• I was in a hurry this morning so I had no
opportunity to read my letters.
• an employment opportunity就业机会
• a favorable opportunity有利的机会
• a rare opportunity难得的机会
• let slip an opportunity错过机会
• seize an opportunity抓住机会
• make an opportunity of doing sth创造做某事的机会
• Make the most of something:
• use in the best way尽量利用,充分利用
• The occasion only comes once in five years,
and they naturally make the most of it.
• He makes the most of the little money that he
• He wished to make the most of his opportunity.
• At hand:
• close to you and available to be used; likely
to happen soon不远;快到;在身边
• He is always at hand to help me.
• Spring was at hand.
• Recent economic performance suggests that
a major crisis is at hand.
• Debt:
n. a sum of money that a person or organization owes债,
• Debts of blood must be paid in blood. 血债血还。
• out of debt不欠债
• under a heavy debt债台高筑
• get (run) into debt开始负债
• in debt负债;欠帐
• to get out of debt不欠债
• It is much easier to run into debt than to get out of it.
• Course:
n. 1). planned program of study课程,学科
• Nigel is doing a law course at university.
• Andy's doing a one-year journalism course.
• Course on/in
• a course on/in architecture
• 2)a period of time or process during which something happens过程;
• during/in/throughout/over the course of something在 的进程中
• Over the course of the next few years, the steel industry was
• in the normal/natural/ordinary course of events
• take/run its course
• Relax and let nature take its course.
• Let somebody down:
• disappoint, fall short of the expectations of使失
• The worst feeling is having let our fans down.
• I've let you down--I said I would help you but I
• Likely:
Adj./adv. probably, expected to happen很可能
• Be likely to do something有可能….
• You're likely to have forgotten about it.
• It isn't likely that I should accept such an
offer as that.
• Certificate:
n. piece of paper with writing that tells something
about someone证书;证明;执照
• a medical certificate诊断书
• a certificate of birth出生证
• award certificates颁发证书
• draw up a certificate起草证书
• grant certificates of proficiency准许发给业务合格
• issue certificates for courses completed颁发结业
• suspend a driver‘s certificate吊销驾驶执照
• Unless:
conj. if not除非,若不,如果不
• You won't catch the bus unless you run.
• A tiger cannot be tamed unless caught
• Be true of:
• Valid or relevant for (someone)对 也有效/也
• That is not true of the people I am talking
• The same is true of all political parties.
• Make up one’s mind:
• decide, come to a decision下决心,决意,
• They made up their minds to have the
recorder repaired.
• Have you made up your mind about the
proposal yet?
Explanation to some difficult sentences
1.(para. 2) As a teacher, I always tell
my students to work hard and keep
up from day one.
• Meaning: As I am a teacher, I always
tell my students to work hard and try
to be the best from the first day.
• 2.(para.2) For a rich full life of college
you should make the most of the
opportunities at hand.
• Meaning: If you want to have a rich full
life of college, you should get as much
as you can from the opportunities that
will be offered to you.
3.(para.3) You know you have a debt
to many people.
• Meaning: You know you should thank
many people because they have done
a lot for you.
4.(para.4) Are you going to take a course
to really learn something or to take it
only to have it on your record?
• Meaning: Are you going to take a
course to really learn something or are
you going to take the course only to
have it on your record?
5.(para.4) I have heard far too many students
tell me that they are doing a course to get a
certificate for a better chance of “getting a
• Meaning: I have heard too many students tell
me that they are taking a course just to get a
certificate, and then with this certificate they
will have a better chance of “getting a job”.
6.(para.4) This true of a worker, doctor,
teacher, or whatever.
• Meaning: This applies to all people
whether they are a worker, a doctor or
a teacher.
Thank you for your