マッチョの「つなぎ」の嵐! - Jimdo

(A) 次 の 英 文 の カ ッ コ 内 に 入 れ る の に 最 適 な も の を 選 び な さ い 。
1) Thompson had two strategies, [
] seems to have worked very well.
① both of those
③ not anybody
② either of whom
④ neither of which
2) Lots of people have been visiting our new building, [
① which
② whose
③ what
② after
] structure is really unique.
④ where
3) He had not worked a year at the company [
① before
③ although
] he started looking for a different job.
④ while
4) If we continue to burn fossil fuels, the level of carbon dioxide in the air may increase
to the point [
① in that
] it will blanket the earth and cause it to warm to a dangerous level.
② so that
③ where
5) Those who make mistakes, [
④ how
⑤ to which
] senior, should be kicked out and replaced by
fresh thinkers.
① whichever
6) [
② whatever
③ however
④ whoever
] the oil crisis, the economy slowed down to post a negative growth for the
first time in the post-war period.
① After
② As soon as
③ Followed
④ Scarcely before
7) Once electric vehicles have traveled 160 kilometers or so, the battery needs
recharging, [
① it
② this
] can take some eight hours.
③ what
④ which
8) The immigration officer asked the visitor [
① how
② when
③ whom
] brought him into the country.
④ what
9) When travelers came into her house, little Elizabeth used to lock herself into her
own room [
① for fear
] they might take her away out into the unknown world.
② hoping
③ to care
④ so that
10) I took up scuba-diving a couple of years ago [
] a high school friend of mine
introduced it to me.
① than
② when
③ during
④ while
11) I don’t like any of the drinks that have been pre-sweetened, in terms of
Frappuccino and things like that. Those are fabulous beverages, but I’m a purist
] coffee.
① if I throw out
② how I arrive at
③ if it depends on
12) [
] you do on your break is none of your business.
① How
② What
13) Rumor has [
① that which
③ When
④ Where
④ when it comes to
] power savings will be extended to the Kansai area this summer.
② it that
③ about that
④ what about
14) It should neither surprise nor distress us that most poetry in English ranges from
the mediocre to the very bad and that most poets are technically incompetent. [
most waiters, gardeners, and teachers.
① Neither are
② Either are
③ Whether are
④ So are
15) To begin with, each of Japan’s own social networking sites, [
] no longer
growing at he benchmark pace of the past few years, has at least 10 times as many
users as Facebook, which was introduced in Japanese in mid-2008.
① before
② by
③ though
④ wherever
Specialists say that [
] Facebook users in the United States [
real-life relationships [
free [
] to recreate
], many Japanese use Web anonymities to [
] themselves,
] the pressure of fitting into a conformist workplace.
17) In the movie, one of my favorite scenes is [
① that there
② there
③ where
] Einstein wins the Nobel Prize.
④ which
18) Teachers differed [
] they taught their subjects in class.
① effectively from now
② from the tremendous effectiveness
③ the effectiveness in how
④ tremendously in how effectively
18) As humans we enjoy not only the privilege of existence but also the ability to
appreciate it and even, in a multitude of ways, [
① has made it
② make it
③ have made it
19) I’ve never met him but [
] better.
④ makes it
] I’ve heard, he’s supposed to be as charming as he
is deceptive.
① from which
② from what
③ on which
④ about how
20) People desire privacy because disclosure might result in violence, unemployment,
or loss of acceptance. Families can also maintain “family secrets” [
] family
members refrain from discussing unpleasant problems.
① however
22) [
② whatever
③ whenever
④ whoever
] unrelated these phenomena may seem, a single scholarly field has helped
illuminate all of them.
① Despite
② However
③ Whatever
④ Whenever
23) Christakis and University of California James H. Folwer wrote Connected after
discovering that each was working on a special network effects and [
] they
shared an interest in what else could be spreading through networks.
① realized
② realizing
③ to realize
④ to have realized
24) Economists say that the gradual improvement in the city’s economy over the
course of 1990s had the effect of employing [
] might otherwise have become
① those who
② these who
③ these which
④ those which
25) Patients worry that they could become totally blind and unable to go partying, read
or drive a car, he said. [
] many people fail to realize that early detection can result
in vision-preserving therapy.
① Because
② Despite
③ Whereas
④ Yet
26) Families can also maintain “family secrets”, [
] family members refrain from
discussing unpleasant problems.
① However
27) [
② whatever
③ whenever
④ whoever
] indispensable as these social networking tools have become to many of us,
they also call up fears of spying, excessive government monitoring, and other illegal
① If
② As
③ Where
④ Far from
28) All living things must have a selfish streak; they must be concerned abut their own
survival and well-being, [
] they will not leaving many offspring. Human
cooperativeness and helpfulness are, as it were, laid on top of this self-interested
① but
② as
③ or
④ so
29) Dr. Johnson’s laboratory aims to understand [
] it is that makes some children
develop a severe clinical illness in the course of infection while others exposed to the
same microbe remain unharmed.
① where
② how
③ when
④ what
⑤ who
30) Japan has become known for its “drug lag” ̶ a term that generally refers both to
the elapsed time between approval of a drug of foreign origin in other countries and in
Japan, and [
] the period from discovery of an active ingredients in Japan to
availability of the resulting drug to the general public.
① of
② in
③ at
④ with
⑤ to
(B) 次 の 英 文 の 下 線 部 の う ち 、 最 も 不 適 当 な も の を 選 び な さ い 。
1) An average movie theater will not (a)show a film (b)if it can attract at least 1,500
people (c)over a two-week (d)run.
2) When he was(a)king of Persia, he summoned the Greeks (b)who happened to be
present at his court, and asked them (c)they would take to eat the dead bodies of their
fathers. They replied that they would not do it for any money in the world. Later, in the
presence of the Greeks, and through an interpreter, (d)so they could understand what
was said, he asked some people, of the tribe called Callatiae, who do in fact eat their
parents’ dead bodies, what they would take to burn them.
3) But (a)wait until (b)the plane in the air and the seatbelt is off (c)to go searching for
greener pastures, because the plane can’t take off (d)until you’re seated.
4) At the end of July, the famous chef will close a restaurant (a)that (b)has repeatedly
voted the world’s best and (c)that (d)receives about two million booking requests a year.
5) More than 30,000 years (a)ago the human body was (b)represented in sculpture and
in images (c)were painted on cave walls, and this (d)suggests that people in those days
clearly understood their body shape and form.
6) The (a)three-year-old male chimpanzee in the laboratory pulled the lever (b)in that
he (c)could get (d)some candy from the machine.
7) 文法上・文脈上取り除くべき語を明示する
Every so often I read an article on how to survive when is lost in the wilds, and I have
to laugh.
8) 文法上・文脈上取り除くべき語を明示する
Ever since I have survived all of these experiences of being lost, it follows that I am
also something of a expert of survival.
9) Which of the following is a correct statement about While?
While the use of such a concept helps to simplify the understanding of other people,
there is an associated dangers that such simplification are based on subjective or
limited experiences of interactions with member of other cultures.
1) This shows that two events are occurring at the same time.
2) This indicates that one event happens within the time that the other event happens.
3) This expresses the condition under which a situation comes about.
4) This is used to contrast two situations.
(C) 次 の 英 文 の カ ッ コ 内 を 正 し い 語 順 に 並 べ 替 え な さ い 。
All I needed were napkins, which [ find/ of/ had/ to/ was/ plenty/ relieved/ we ].
We feel [ people/ common/ to/ in/ close/ who/ have ] with us memories of a time gone by.
3) The scientist went [ about/ detail/ into/ precise/ should/ the experiment/ the way ] be
conducted in the laboratory.
4) While (a)[
] the stones could not have fallen in the current
arrangement by coincidence and must have been purposefully positioned, others find
it harder to believe that the huge stones (b)[
] and easier to believe
that the marks on the cliff wall were placed to reflect the positions where early
inhabitants of the region had arrived. (*不要なものが含まれている)
(a) [ some/ what/ claim/ one/ scholars/ that ]
(b) [ been/ could/ moved/ have/ humans/ carry ]
5) I took [ for/ granted/ have/ it/ must/ that/ you ] returned from your trip.
6) He [ away/ fear/ for/ looked/ that/ would/ you ] know his thoughts.
7) To write a good summary, you must be able to understand your own beliefs for a
time and put yourself in the shoes of someone else, which means you must
convincingly become [ hate/ characters/ in/ may/ real/ they ] life.
8) If, as a writer, you cannot or will not suspend your own belief in this way, you are
likely [ are/ produce/ so/ summarizes/ to/ which ] obviously biased that they undermine
your credibility with readers.
9) For nearly all of human existence, people died young. Life expectancy [ as/ death/
early/ improved/ overcame/ we ] ̶ in particular ̶ deaths of childbirth, disease, and
Give the devil [ any/ due/ he/ his/ is/ matter/ no/ who ] or what he is.
11)「心を合わせている限りどんな的にも負かされることはないが、喧嘩をしていればたやすく 食にさ
As [
] together, no enemy can overcome you; if you quarrel, you will
[ an/ agree/ as/ easy/ fall/ long/ only/ prey/ you ]
He [
] to him.
[ about/ an idea/ came/ the door/ fell/ to/ shut/ was/ when ]
13) [ always/ Amanda/ being/ Gregory/ impressed/ never/ sees/ whenever/ without ] by
her beauty. (*不要なものが含まれている)
14) Punctuality [ have/ in/ is/ keep/ mind/ something/ time/ to/ we ].
15) We [ do/ not/ ought/ we/ what ] to do.
16) It is likely [
] for a growing number [
idea of ownership will seem [
], [
] enterprises and consumers, the [
] old-fashioned, twenty-five years from now.
[ even/ limited/ very/ that/ of ]
17) Though what had actually happened we couldn’t understand, [all/ had/ knew/
place/ something/ strange/ taken/ that/ very/ was/ we], and that we were still alive.
18) In Colorado, every school has its own way of dealing with cell phones, but the
basic rule is the same: when the first bell rings, electronic devices should be
[ detected/ heard/ neither/ nor seen ].
19) A 2008 study showed that monkeys will share food with other monkeys who are
familiar to them rather than keeping all the food for themselves. Elephants mourn their
dead. If they find elephant bones, [ examine/ like/ looks/ sadness/ them/ they/ what/
20) Pressure cookers were once common kitchen appliances, but they [ turned to/
favor/ fell out of/ people/ as/ frozen dinners and microwaves ].
21) Science is the best tool we have to understand the Universe. We must understand
the Universe as it is and [ how/ how it is/ we wish it/ not confuse/ with ] to be.
22) “The world is flat.” As soon as I wrote them, I realized that this was the underlying
[ everything/ had/ I/ message/ of/ seen/ that ] and heard in Bangalore in two weeks of
24) When you start to think of the world as flat, or at least in the process of flattening, a
lot of things [ did/ in/ make/ not/ sense/ they/ ways ] before.
25) A: What do you think of this sofa, Ellen? It looks like the one that you were looking
at one the Internet yesterday.
B: Actually, this [ sofa/ I/ is/ saw/ the very ] online. I’m
surprised we found it at this store.
24) What the brain perceives as flavor is actually a fusion of a food’s taste, touch and
smell into a single sensation ̶ each not only influences flavor but is an integral part
of it.
[ appearance/ does/ food’s/ how/ influence/ it/ or/ smell/ tastes/ the way ]?
(D) 次 の 和 文 を 英 訳 し な さ い 。
What [
(E) 次 の 下 線 部 を 和 訳 し な さ い 。
1) The question is: just what kind of mathematical framework do we adopt in order to
study information? The sensible approach is to start off with what is already available,
and see if that fulfills the requirements of the task at hand, and if it does not, try to see
why not, and proceed from here.
2) I his book The Paradox of Choice, the psychologist Barry Schwatrz argues that the
availability of too many options leaves us inherently unsatisfied, no matter what
decision we make and whatever its outcome.
3) People do not confuse stories by children with literature by established writers, nor
do they mistake scientific reasoning of children for that of professional scientists. Why,
then, do people become so confused when it comes to modern art?
4) Economists tend to assume people know what they are doing when they open their
wallets. They can assess the benefit they will derive from whatever it is they are buying
and figure out whether it’s worth their money. It’s hard to exaggerate the importance of
this assumption.
5) Most major discoveries in science come from paying attentions to surprising results
and interpreting unexpected facts. Successful scientists quickly lean not to be afraid of
data that leads them into unchanged territory.
6) In recent years, more countries have shown an interest in holding the Olympic
Games as there is an understanding that doing so could help attract tourists and
generate income.
7) It is unfortunate that the media, politicians, social actors, business leaders, and
decision makers continue tot talk about the information society or the network society
or whatever they want to call it, in terms that are studies of the future and uninformed
journalism. Traditional intellectuals, increasingly unable to understand the world we
live in, and thus undermined in the public role, are particularly critical of the start of a
new technological environment without actually knowing much about the process on
which they elaborate their discourses.
8) Gossiping has a bad reputation, but researchers who study gossip have not only
found it to be universal, they has found it is beneficial, that it is the way we learn to live
in society.
9) Speaking an internationally recognized language is a clear advantage or people
who want to make the most of the opportunities contact brings. Eventually, people may
realize their children are not learning their native tongue.
10) Some say that the move to make juries more representative counters arguments
that they cannot be expected to weigh complex evidence based on scientific and
medical techniques or research.
1) It is illogical to argue that the presence of highly educated jurors improves the jury’s
2) It is logical to argue that the presence of highly educated jurors improves the jury’s
3) Including many different people on juries would cause jurors to put more weight on
science and medicine.
4) Including a wider range of people on juries is an answer to the criticism that jurors
find some cases too difficult to understand.
11) As for the improvements made by the police, they are important too. But there is a
puzzling gap between the scale of the changes in policing and the size of the effect on
places like Brownsville and East New York. After all, crime didn’t just slowly ebb in
New York as social conditions gradually improved.
1) Crime rates dropped slowly, but social conditions didn’t improve.
2) Crime rate dropped slowly because social conditions improved.
3) Crime rates didn’t drop just because social conditions slowly improved.
4) Crime rates didn’t drop, but social conditions slowly improved.
12) Parents should have their sons trained in a certain kind of education, not because
it is useful but simply because it is goo in itself.
13) Many researchers concluded that the Neanderthals were unable to change and
compete with modern humans and as a result their population diminished and they
died out. Recent thinking suggests they faced a number of challenges between 40,000
and 30,000 years ago, not all of which came from the newcomers.
14) One of the few regrets of my life is that I have no formal grounding in music. I
never had a musical education or came from the sort of ‘musical home’ that would
have made this possible or probable, and always rather readily assumed that music
was what those other, ‘musical’ people did. I’ve never felt, on the other hand, though a
great many people who didn’t grow up reading books have perhaps felt it, that writing
is what those other, ‘writerly’ people do.
15) The premise of the project is that humans are as much animal as the creatures we
use for food, clothing, research, experimentation, slavery, and companionship. The
goal of the project is to break down the barriers that humans have built which allow us
to treat non-human animals as objects and not as creatures with feelings.
16) Although this field of study is only a few years old, it’s already made important
progress toward identifying the mental traits that allow people to accomplish their
goals, while others struggle and quit. Grit, it turns out, is an essential component of
17) While researchers have long focused on measurement of intelligence, such as the
IQ test, as the crucial marker of future success, these scientists point out that most of
the variation in industrial achievement has nothing to do with being smart.
18) Banning pesticides might create more food shortages, and we cannot simply revert
to a world without agricultural chemicals. Furthermore, reducing air pollution is not
easy, especially in quickly developing countries, where the emphasis is on economic
rather than environmental welfare.
19) Greater inequality between people seems to heighten their social evaluation
anxieties by increasing the importance of social status. Instead of accepting each
other as equals on the basis of our common humanity as we might in more equal
settings, measuring each other’s worth becomes more important as status differences
widen. We come to see social position as a more important feature of a person’s
20) Across the country, Americans are starting to think about how a constant stream of
electronic communication affects the quality of their lives ̶ many of whom are
consciously unplugging every once in a while, and encouraging others to do the same.
21) What affected people’s health most in these studies wasn’t the actual level of
control that people had in their jobs, but the amount of control they perceived
themselves as having.
22) They’re able to compare the relative importance of grit, intelligence, and innate
talent when it comes to determining lifetime achievement. Although this field of study is
only a few years old, it’s already made important progress toward identifying the
mental traits that allow some people to accomplish their goals, while others struggle
and quit.
23) When Americans are asked about their culture or culture in general, they generally
do not have very solid responses. To be sure, they almost always have a response,
but their responses, more often than not, suggest that there is little real understanding
of culture or the role it plays in their lives.
24) Advocates for Proposition 19 had said that if legalized California could raise $1.4
billion taxes and save precious law enforcement and prison resources. Attorney
General Eric Holder had insisted that the federal government would continue to
enforce its laws against marijuana in California even if they conflict with state law.
25) I would argue that the new information technology should force us to rethink the
notion of information itself. It should not be understood as if it took the form of hard
facts or pieces of reality ready to picked out of newspapers and libraries, but rather as
messages that are constantly being remade in the process of transmission. Instead of
firmly fixed documents, we mush deal with multiple, unstable texts.
26) Attempts in the 1950s to arrive at a history of global average temperature used
data assembled with great difficulty from many places around the world, with time lags
of up to a decade in data gathering and analysis. In recent years, more rapid
communication and a better system of meteorological data exchange make
assembling the history much easier.
27) Survey in the USA, for example, have found that immigrants who have little or no
mastery of English and who primarily rely on Spanish in their homes and work lives
have strikingly differently opinions from English speakers about controversial social
issues such as divorce and homosexuality.
(F) 次 の 下 線 部 を 英 訳 し な さ い 。
1) ある研究者は、どのようにスポーツを行うかは、それぞれの国の価値観を反映して
2) 当時の人々は、疫病の原因を知ることが出来なかったので、感染を防ぐ方法につい
3) 我々は一旦自身で決定を下すと、それがいかにおかしな事態を招くことになるとし