Plenary 4 - Laura Carse

Proportionate Planning in
Marine Renewables
Scottish Renewables Conference
March 2014
Laura Carse
Project Development Manag
Pelamis Wave Power
CF16539GG 1
Pelamis Wave Power
Core business in the design and development
of the Pelamis Wave Energy Converter
Widely recognised as the world’s most
advanced wave power developer
Established in 1998, currently with 52 employees.
• Design, build, install and operate the Pelamis
Wave Energy Converter
• Six machines built to date, two currently being
tested in Orkney
Project Development and Planning
Multiple sites under development:
– Utility Led
– Joint Venture (PWP and Utility)
– Independent (PWP Led)
CF16539GG 1
The Need For Proportionality
• Wave and Tidal developments
consented under the same
legislation as offshore wind:
– Marine (Scotland) Act 2010
– Section 36 (over 1 MW for
offshore renewables).
– Guidance / EIA requirement
• PFOW Round 1 Leasing Round large scale development of
marine renewables.
• Initial deployment predictions for
vast build out in a restricted area
& relatively undeveloped area.
• Generic guidance covering
multiple technologies &
Technology uncertainty, scale of
proposed build out, and legacy of
experience consenting of large
offshore wind farms
CF16539GG 1
Current Status
• Developers consenting smaller developments < 10 MW (Pelamis
Wave Power, SPR Sound of Islay, Nautricity)
• Developers demonstrating technology outside test centres (OPT,
Oceanflow Energy)
• Developers seeking smaller markets and applications (Albatern)
• Is this achievable?
• How can we develop a more proportional approach?
• What has done to date?
CF16539GG 1
How Can we Achieve Proportionality?
• Test centres have developed
streamlined planning processes
• Developments < 1MW unlikely to
require EIA.
• However limitations to how much can
be achieved:
– Onshore infrastructure (substation,
grid connection, land leases)
– Subsea export cable
Balance of plant infrastructure,
expenditure and planning relatively
constant irrespective of capacity of
generating plant.
• Opportunity to focus on the generating
CF16539GG 1
Can Proportionate Planning Be Achieved
• Unclear thresholds setting what EIA requirement for marine renewables. With
increasing understanding of environmental can regulators have confidence for
smaller developments screen out EIA?
Scoping and Identification of Significant Environmental Effects
• Crucial, both in determining whether EIA is required and when determining scope
and content of an ES. Development of a more robust approach to assigning
significance (e.g. aquaculture).
• Generic guidance for wind, wave and tidal developers covers different technologies
across different environments, different scales of deployments with substantial
differing significant impacts. Can more sector specific guidance be developed.
Lessons Learnt
• Understanding the regulation of other offshore sectors may provide new ways or
methodologies to approach consenting technology in the marine renewable
CF16539GG 1
Learning from Other Sectors
CF16539GG 1
• New methodology for assessing marine
navigational safety from Maritime
Coastguard Agency provides guidance
based on scale, magnitude of risks.
• Survey, Deploy & Monitor tool provides
an optional policy tool option to reduce
data collection for birds and marine
mammals requirements by developers.
• Data gathering by MSS &TCE
(fisheries, birds, marine mammals,
navigational activity) helps to reduce
burden on developers.
CF16539GG 1
• Wave and tidal technologies initially developed via test site or
large scale deployment proposals
• Proportionality initially difficult to achieve due to s.36 legacy,
uncertainty of environmental impact, and scale of
deployments proposed.
• Generic guidance developed for offshore wind, wave and tidal
set a high benchmark for smaller, less risky sites.
• Limitations to what can be achieved due to balance of plant
requirements, regardless of project size.
• Good progress has been made to support developers
however much opportunity to improve: screening, focusing on
significant effects, developing sector specific guidance and
learning from other technologies.