p2 formulier_2 - TU Delft Institutional Repository

Personal Information
Student number
Postal Code
Place of residence
Telephone number
E-mail Address
Ruben Cornelis van der Plas
Michiel de Ruyterweg 488
2628 JZ
[email protected]
R. Nottrot, J. Heintz, E. van Dooren, M. van Dorst
To research without restraint the topical and important subject of cost-effective architecture.
Synergetic Cost-effective Architecture
P. de Jong, R. Nottrot, Y. Cuperus
Title of graduation project
Synergetic Cost-effective Architecture
Product Problem Statement
Problem Statement
The persisting financial crisis demands cost-effective architecture. Several theorists indicate that
economization in architecture without oppressing a specific architectural style is only achieved by
synergetic design.
However, designing synergetic architecture proves very hard and only few architects appear to do this
succesfully. Therefore I first want to investigate the (neurologic) process of designing synergetically, and
based on my findings, see if it is possible to create a specific tool for architect's to design cost-effective
synergetic architecture more easily.
To apply the research I want to use the developed design tool to make a more cost-effective redesign of
the Groninger Forum. The choice of a redesign allows an evaluative cost-effectiveness comparison
between the two designs, which might turn out to prove the relevance of my research.
The program is a mixed-use cultural cluster comprising the Groninger Museum, the Groninger library, the
Groninger Archives, a cultural cinema, event-space, Parking garage and restaurant. The complexity of the
program gives (in my opinion) more freedom to find smart cost-effective solutions.
Synergy is to be realized between as many as possible aspects of the complex. i.e. the mixed (hybrid)
program, climatization, the site, building components, exploitation and for example building regulations.
Research questions
Introductory research questions:
– Is it possible to design a synergetic economical building without omitting on qualitative architectural
Research questions about synergy and the neurologic design process:
– Is it possible to facilitate and enrich the neurologic process of designing synergetically?
– What are the requirements for a possible design tool to facilitate and enrich the neurologic process of
designing synergetically?
About economization on the costs of a building:
– In what expenses are construction-, site-, and exploitation costs of the average non-residential building
subdivided? How large are these individual expenses in relation to the whole?
– What are known strategies to economize on these different expenses?
– What are known building components with which these strategies can be realized?
About the design of a convenient handbook:
– How to structure a practical facilitator for designing synergetic cost-effective architecture?
Evaluating questions on the application of the handbook on my own design assignment:
– Did the handbook help me throughout the design process of the Groninger Forum to design costeffective synergetic solutions?
– Did the handbook turn out to be a creativity-oppressing straightjacket of economization? Or did it
enrich and feed the search of architectural solutions?
– Are the solutions in my design of the Groninger Forum demonstrably more cost-effective than the
solutions of NL-Architects? Is this at the cost of architectural quality?
Research goals
Design goals
Method description
To prove and demonstrate the need of a handbook that facilitates the cost-effective synergetic design
process of the architect. The handbook will comprise structured information entities in the form of
pictograms of economization strategies and building components, that feed (instead of oppress) the
synergetic design process.
To draw an axonometric (technical) overview of my final design of the Groninger Forum, demonstrating all
the cost-effective synergetic systems it comprises in one unity.
To prove and demonstrate the merit of the handbook, by utilizing it to redesign a cost-effective (i.e.
with balanced quality and costs) Groninger Forum. Focus should not only be on cost-effectiveness, but
also on the urban context and the program as a public cultural cluster. In fact: these three aspects should
be synergized by the design into one unity.
This versatile research demands several kinds of scientific research methods. At first, literature from the
Real Estate & Housing department shows the best overall strategy to design cost-effectively.
Subsequently, design process and neurologic literature shows how the process of designing synergetically
actually works.
After this, a very broad range of literature, interviews and lectures lists economization strategies and
components for the different expenses of non-residential buildings. These have to be arranged and
structured into a handbook that meets the requirements posed by the neurologic literature study.
This handbook will give architect's a quick overview of possible economization strategies. Since there will
be too many strategies to quickly view (over 150), they have to be subdivided and structured according to
the different levels of scale of the design process (i.e. site, building volume, facade, materialization and
To test and perhaps prove the use of this design approach, the final redesign of the Groninger Forum
is to be compared to the actual design by NL-Architects. Since both buildings are designed under the
same contextual and programmatic circumstances, a pure and scientific comparison of synergetic costeffectiviness is possible.
– Andreas, R., & Cite de l'architecture et du Patrimoine. (2009). Lacaton et Vassal. Paris: HYX.
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ontwerpprocessen. Z. p.: z. uitg.
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ontwerpen, die ontwerpprojecten moet begeleiden, die ontwerpprojecten wil formuleren. Eindhoven: TU
– Bono, E. d. (1969). The mechanism of mind. London: Cape.
– Doorn, A. v., & Delft University of Technology Faculty of Architecture Department of Real Estate and
Housing. (2011). Ontwerp/proces (2e dr. ed.). Amsterdam: SUN.
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– Duisterwinkel, A. (0000). Schoonmaakbewust Ontwerpen. 's-Hertogenbosch: Ondernemersorganisatie
Schoonmaak- en Bedrijfsdiensten
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– Foque, R. (2010). Building knowledge in architecture. Brussels: UPA.
– Gerritse, C., & TU Delft Faculteit der Bouwkunde Afdeling Real Estate and Housing. (2005). Kostenkwaliteitsturing in de vroege fasen van het huisvestingsproces. Delft: DUP Science.
– Gerritse, C., TU Delft Faculteit der Bouwkunde Vakgroep Bouwmanagement en Vastgoedbeheer, &
Rijksgebouwendienst Directie Huisvestingsbeleid Afdeling Inkoopbeleid. (1993). Stapeling en
inpandigheid. Delft: TU Delft.
– Gili, M. n. (2002). Lacaton and Vassal. Barcelona: Gili.
– Guilford, J. P. (1967). The nature of human intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill.
– Hegger, M. (2008). Energy manual sustainable architecture. Basel: Birkh*user.
– Ibelings, H. (2001). Claus en Kaan gebouwen. Rotterdam: NAi Uitgevers.
– Ibelings, H., & Berg, J. (2009). Claus en Kaan Architecten. Ideal standard buildings 1988-2009. Delft:
Prototype Editions.
– Kamerling, M. W., Jellema, R., & Kamerling, J. W. (2004). Hogere bouwkunde Jellema Dl. 9 Utiliteitsbouw;
bouwmethoden (2e dr. ed.). Utrecht: Thiememeulenhoff.
– Linden, A. C. v. d. (2006). Bouwfysica (6 dr. 2e opl. ed.). Utrecht: Thiememeulenhoff.
- Morris, P., & Matthiessen, L. (2007). Cost of Green Revisited: Davis Langdon.
– Neufert, E., & Neufert, P. (2012). Architect's data (4th ed.). London: Blackwell.
– Schittich, C., & Institut fur Internationale Architektur-Dokumentation. (2007). In detail: cost-effective
building economic concepts and constructions. Basel: Birkhauser.
– Straub, A. (2001). Technisch beheer door woningcorporaties in de 21e eeuw professioneel, klantgericht en
duurzaam Online resource. Delft: DUP Science.
– Uythoven, A. J. (2007). Bouwregelgeving in woord en beeld. Doetinchem: Reed Business Information.
– Vollaard, P. (2007). Catalogue; the work of Cepezed. Rotterdam: 010 Publishers.
– Wamelink, J. W. F., & Bennekom, H. A. v. (2010). Inleiding bouwmanagement (2e dr. ed.). Delft: VSSD.
– Yudelson, J. (2009). Green building trends Europe. Washington: Island Press.
Social relevance
Now that the financial crisis is persisting and the collapsed building economy has difficulties standing up
again, architect's can show their worth to society more than ever by making designs that synergetically
meet the posed requirements in a cost-effective way.
Instead of making nonchalant luxurious designs like some architects did before the crisis, we should gain
in-depth knowledge about cost-effectiveness, and be able to conduct it together with all the other
demands into an intellegent synergetic unity.
Perhaps an example of nonchalant architecture is the current Groninger Forum by NL Architects. It is a precrisis design being constructed during the crisis. Some of it's (in my opinion) nonchalant design choices,
together with the consternation the building provokes shows that society demands architects who act like
good responsible stewards over the purses of the public or the client. From an ethical point of view.
Apart from the above mentioned, cost-effective architecture automatically results in energetically passive
design, meeting the requirements of sustainability goals. Cost-effective design therefore turns blunt
commercial goals into a strategic tool to reach ethical sustainable goals.
Scientific relevance
Time Planning
Calender week
The main focus on cost-effectiveness in our faculty lies in the department of Real Estate & Housing,
whereas the department of Architecture actually should master this knowledge. The gap in between these
two departments could be modestly breached by my design tool for architect's. It translates known
knowledge from RE&H into an overview of short and understandable pictograms, that directly feed and
enrich the synergetic design process of the architect. Without having to read endless textual reports.
P2 presentations (now)
research: finish handbook
research: finish handbook. from this moment onward utilize handbook in design process
project: urban analysis and in-depth program brief study
project: conceptual hybrid floor plan schemes + section schemes
project: integrated climatic systems + facade
project: elaborate integrated floorplans + sections
Research: draw technical axonometry of synergetic cost-effectiveness for Gr. Forum.
P3 presentations
project: elaborate integrated floorplans + sections
project: facade + detailling
project: prepare p4
P4 presentations
P4 presentations
project: finish detailling + elaboration overall plan
project: model + presentation
P5 presentation
P5 presentation