Dave Lockerman, Head of Housing Management and Kerry Clifford

01992 453 700
Anti-social Behaviour, Crime
and Policing Act 2014
Lunch & Learn
Dave Lockerman – Head of Housing Management
Kerry Clifford – Safer Communities Team Leader
What will I know by the time I’m
out of here?
A little bit about B3Living
Whether the Act will change my world
Community Trigger
Civil Injunction (Injunction to Prevent
Nuisance & Annoyance (IPNA))
Criminal Behaviour Order (CBO)
Community Protection Notice (CPN)
Absolute Ground for Possession
• B3Living – Better Homes, Communities, Business.
• Created after stock transfer in 2006
• Re-branded from
Broxbourne HA in 2012
• 4200 properties including 600 Leasehold
• Mainly contained to borough of Broxbourne Herts
How we approach ASB
• Specialist Safer Communities Team
• Team includes two tenure blind Intensive Support
• Receive funding from County Council to deliver Troubled
Families work
• Signatory of the Respect Charter for Housing
• Were HouseMark ASB accredited
• Won a Lemos & Crane award for the fact we carry out
perp surveys
• Satisfaction for reporters remains consistently above 90%
• Received around 500 reports of ASB last year
• Our residents account for 11% of households in the
borough but account for only 6.7% of ASB generally
• 2 evictions for ASB in the last year
ASB, Crime and Policing Act
It’s all still there!
Anti-Social Behaviour Order (ASBO)
ASBO on Conviction
Drink Banning Order (DBO)
DBO on Conviction
Anti-Social Behaviour Injunction (ASBI)
Individual Support Order (ISO)
Intervention Order
Litter Clearing Notice
Street Litter Clearing Notice
Graffiti/Defacement Removal Notice
Designated Public Place Order
Gating Order
Dog Control Order
Premises Closure Order
Crack House Closure Order
Noisy Premises Closure Order
Section 161 Closure Order
Section 30 Dispersal Order
Section 27 Direction to Leave
Criminal Behaviour Order (CBO)
Injunction to Prevent Nuisance & Annoyance
Community Protection Notice (CPN)
Community Protection Order (Public Space)
Community Protection Order (Closure)
Dispersal Powers
Seen this?
Available from GOV.UK
Its actually pretty good!
Some dependencies
• How will the courts interpret the Act?
• How good are your partnerships?
• You may need to draw up some new
procedures/amend policy
• No changes to court forms yet…
It should all be about…
Do any of the new measures
• Mental health tackle?
• Substance dependency
• Parenting skills
• Generational attitudes
• Domestic abuse
• Community
• Housing conditions
• Financial exclusion
• Educational attainment/ability
• Worklessness
• Experience of
independent living
• Gets 3 paragraphs in the new guidance!
• HouseMark benchmarking details the
following for actions taken to resolve ASB:
0.7% referral to mental
0.7% referral to FIP
0.3% referral to drug/alcohol
• Unless we nail this stuff we are only ever…
• The guidance highlights that practitioners
should liaise with their local Troubled
Families Unit.
• We’d go a step further and say learn from
the FIP model and apply it to your
Lets crack on with this
enforcement stuff…
Civil Injunction - Injunction to Prevent
Nuisance and Annoyance (IPNA)
• Replaces ASBI & ASBO
• Available on anyone aged over 10
• No minimum or maximum term for over
18’s. 12 month maximum for under 18’s
• Local Council’s, Social landlords, Police,
Transport for London, Environment
Agency & NHS Protect can apply
• Balance of probabilities
• Behaviour likely to cause harassment,
alarm or distress (non-housing related) or:
Civil Injunction - Injunction to Prevent
Nuisance and Annoyance (IPNA)
• Conduct causing nuisance or annoyance or
conduct is capable of causing housing related
nuisance or annoyance and:
• Just and convenient to grant the injunction to
prevent anti-social behaviour.
• County Court and High Court for over 18’s
• Youth Court for under 18’s
• Breach is not a criminal offence but needs to be
proved to criminal standard
• Over 18’s breach is civil contempt of court –
unlimited fine or up to 2 years in prison
Civil Injunction - Injunction to Prevent
Nuisance and Annoyance (IPNA)
• Under 18’s: supervision order or as a very
last resort, a civil detention order up to 3
months for 14-17 year olds
• Can include positive requirements- must
be reasonable
• Exclusion from home (over 18’s) or power
of arrest - where use, or threatened
violence, or significant risk of harm
• Without notice – ‘Exceptional cases’ to
stop serious harm – if successful interim
Criminal Behaviour Order (CBO)
• Available on conviction for any criminal
• Over 10. If under 18 must consult with YOT
• Over 18’s 2 years – indefinite. Under 18’s 1-3
• Usually CPS but can be local authority
• CPS on own initiative or request from LA or
Criminal Behaviour Order (CBO)
• Beyond all reasonable doubt offender has
engaged in behaviour that has caused or is
likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress
to any person and;
• The court considers that making the order
will help prevent the offender from
engaging in such behaviour.
• Breach is a criminal offence and must be
proved to criminal standard
• Over 18’s summary conviction up to 6 mths
imprisonment or a fine or both
Criminal Behaviour Order (CBO)
• Over 18’s on indictment up to 5 yrs
imprisonment or a fine or both
• For under 18’s youth court sentencing
powers apply
• Can ask for an interim order if there is an
adjournment for sentencing or CBO hearing
• CBO must clearly set out prohibitions and
Community Protection Notice
Community Protection Notice
• Can be issued by Council officers, Police
officers, PCSO’s (if designated), Social
landlords (if designated by local
• Over 16’s or a body including a business.
• Behaviour has to have a detrimental
effect on the quality of life of those in
the locality; be of a persistent or
continuing nature; and be
Community Protection Notice
• Breach is a criminal offence. A fixed penalty
ticket of up to £100 if appropriate. A level 4 fine
or 20k for a business.
• Can insist on remedial work or forfeiture/seizure
on breach of CPN
• Anyone issued with a CPN can appeal it in the
Magistrates court.
• Issuing a CPN does not discharge the Council
from its duty to issue an Abatement Notice.
• Before a CPN can be issued a written warning
must be issued to the person committing the
Community Protection Notice
• Warning must make clear if the behaviour
doesn’t stop they will receive a CPN
• CPN must include:
 A requirement to stop doing specified
 A requirement to do specified things;
 A requirement to take reasonable steps
to achieve specified results.
 CPN’s are deigned to deal with short or
medium term issues.
Absolute ground for possession
• Social landlords and private rented sector
• Tenant/member of household/person
visiting meets one of the following:
– Convicted of a serious offence
– Found by a court to have breached a civil
– Convicted for breaching a criminal behaviour
– Convicted for breaching a noise abatement
notice; or
– The tenant’s property has been closed for
more than 48 hours under a closure order for
Absolute ground for possession
• Offence/breach needs to have occurred
in the locality of the property or affected a
person with a right to live in the locality or
affected the landlord/staff/contractors.
• If the test is met court must grant a
possession order
• Secure tenants have statutory right to
request a review of landlords decision.
Private/Registered providers should adopt
similar practice
• Need to serve notice of proceedings
within 12 months of the relevant conviction
(or appeal) or within 3 months where
property has been closed under a closure
order (or appeal).
Absolute ground for possession
• 4 weeks Notice period (or rent period). 1
month on fixed term or the rent period.
• Notice valid for 12 months.
• Closure notice can only be used by Council
or the Police
• Following needs to have occurred or will
occur if power not used:
Closure notice (up to 48hrs)
– Nuisance to the public; or
– Disorder near those premises
Closure Order (up to 6 months)
– Disorderly, offensive or criminal behaviour;
– Serious nuisance to the public; or
– Disorder near the premises
• Closure notice cannot prohibit access in
respect of anyone who habitually lives on a
• A Closure Order can prohibit access to those
who live at the premises.
• Application at Magistrates court for Closure
• An application for a Closure Order should be
made on every issue of a Closure Notice
• The courts are required to hear the application
within 48 hours of the service of the closure
• Both the notice and order can cover any land
or any other place
• Breach – criminal offence: Notice up
to 3 months in prison. Order up to 6
months in prison. Both: Up to an
unlimited fine.
• Court can extend closure notice at
application for Order for a further 48hrs
or continue up to 14 days if hearing is
Public spaces protection order
• Councils can make a PSPO on any public
space within its own area.
• The Council must consult with the local
Police and the land owner
• Behaviour being restricted has to:
– be having, or be likely to have, a
detrimental effect on the quality of life of
those in the locality;
– be persistent or continuing in nature; and
– be unreasonable
Public spaces protection order
• Can prohibit certain activities as well as
placing requirements on individuals carrying
out certain activities
• More than one restriction can be on same
• Breach is a criminal offence - Up to £100
fixed penalty ticket or Level 3 fine (£1000) on
• Relates to a specific area but can be
• Must be authorised by at least an
inspector beforehand
• Police Officers (in uniform) and PCSO’s (if
designated) can give a direction to
leave an area
• Over the age of 10. Under 16 can be
taken home/place of safety
• Can confiscate any item that could be
used to commit ASB, crime or disorder.
• Direction can be for up to 48hrs
• Test:
– Contributing or likely to contribute to
members of the public in the locality
being harassed, alarmed or distressed
– direction necessary to remove or reduce
the likelihood of the anti-social behaviour,
crime or disorder.
• Breach is a criminal offence – up to level 4
fine (£2500) and/or up to 3 months in prison
(if over 18)
• Failure to hand over items: up to level 2 fine
• Under 18 Youth Court
Community Trigger
• Can be triggered by a victim (can be a
business or community group) of ASB, or a
person acting on their behalf
• Applies to Councils, Police, CCG’s and
Registered Providers who are co-opted
• Defined locally but threshold no higher than:
3 complaints in the previous 6 month period
• May also take account of persistence of ASB,
harm or potential harm caused, adequacy of
response to the ASB.
Community Trigger
• Agencies need to decide whether the
threshold has been met and
communicate to the victim
• If threshold is met a case review will be
undertaken by partner agencies
• Victim should ten be informed of
outcome. Where further actions necessary
an action plan will be discussed with
victim including timescales.
Community Remedy
• Gives victims a say in the out of court
punishment of perpetrators for low level
crime and ASB
• Entirely voluntary
• Police Officer, PCSO (if designated), person
authorised by a relevant prosecutor for
conditional cautions or youth conditional
• Officer must have evidence that the person
has engaged on ASB or committed an
Community Remedy
• Person must admit the behaviour/offence
(and agree to participate)
• Officer must think the evidence is enough
for court proceedings or impose a caution
but considers a community remedy more
• Should select from Community Remedy
You’ve made it!
Thanks for listening
Any Questions?