Joy D. Talens, Ph.D. Jose C. Macatangay Edgar

Editorial Board
Aim and Scope
Joy D. Talens, Ph.D.
The DLSL Journal of
Multidisciplinary Research (DLSLJMR) aims to publish discoveries that
will teach minds, touch hearts and
transform lives.
Jose C. Macatangay
Associate Editor
DLSL-JMR is a local refereed journal
Edgar Allan G. Castro, Ph.D.M. that enables the members of the La
Lay-out Artist
Sallian Community to share their
scholarly works on Education and La
Mark Gerard C. Austria
Sallian Studies, Health, Safety,
Cover Design Artist
Security and Environment,
Information Technology, Culture and
Humanities and Community
Engagement and Social Development.
About the Cover
The charism of St. John Baptist De La Salle is every researcher’s shield in his/her
quest for research excellence.
DLSL Journal of Multidisciplinary Research 2014
All information mentioned in each article
reflects the stance of the contributors. Thus,
they are solely responsible for whatever
claims they have made in their write-ups.
Office of Research and
Efforts were made to acknowledge all
copyrighted materials that have been used in
this issue. If in case, sources were
inadvertently missed, please notify the
Editorial Board so appropriate action or
rectification can be done for the subsequent
Jose C. Macatangay
No part of this publication may be
reproduced, stored in retrieval system or
transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, photocopying,
recording, or otherwise without prior
written permission of the publisher.
Allan Nicko F. Rodelas
Published by the Office of Research and
Publications, through the Office of the Vice
Chancellor for Academics and Research, De
La Salle Lipa.
Communications regarding this publication
may be forwarded to:
Office of Research and Publications
2/F Sen. Jose Diokno Hall
De La Salle Lipa
1962 J.P. Laurel National Highway
Lipa City 4217, Philippines
Research and Publications Officer
Sheila E. Maloles
Evaluation and Monitoring Officer
Technical Staff
Gina M. Dimaano
Alicia B. Botardo Ph.D.
Vice Chancellor for Academics and