The role of standards in smart cities

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The role of standards in smart cities
Dan Palmer, Head of Market Development, BSI
27th March 2014
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The Smart City ideal
Information capture across the city
combined with data analysis at a city level
allows resources to be monitored and controlled in real time
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BSI Smart City Standards Strategy
Standards for smart cities are needed to:
•  Allow the development of replicable solutions
•  Increase confidence in procurement of infrastructure and services
•  Provide good practice for developing smart cities
BSI’s smart city standards strategy aims to accelerate the development of smart
cities, by working with cities and their partners to find common solutions
•  Phase 1 of the programme is helping cities to take the first steps
•  Phase 2 aims to help create the long-term smart city market
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The city’s vision and development goals are the starting point
Cities face common challenges, but the priority varies from city to city.
•  Bristol: carbon reduction, inclusive green-digital economy
•  Birmingham: carbon reduction, traffic management
•  Glasgow: integrated services across health, transport, energy and public safety
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Standards to support city objectives
To evaluate options, cities need strategic frameworks and metrics:
•  BS 8904:2011 Guidance for community sustainable development provides a
framework for setting priorities in line with the needs of the community
•  PAS 2070:2013 provides a methodology for measurement of Green House Gas
emissions at a city level
•  ISO TC 268 Smart cities and communities is working on city indicators and
infrastructure metrics
Future work is needed to develop a methodology on assessing city performance
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City developments need to allow for future uses of IT
Holistic planning needs to take account of future city potential
Multi-party projects need a shared vision and benefits realization plan
User needs and behaviours have to be incorporated in the design
London Bridge station. Source: Cambridge Centre for Smart Infrastructure and Construction
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Standards for developing smart city projects
•  PD 8101 Planning guidelines for smart city developments: to
enable new developments to be planned with smart city requirements in
Publication: May 2014
•  PAS 181 Smart City Framework: Providing guidance for decisionmakers in smart cities and communities on delivery of smart city projects
and programmes.
Publication: February 2014
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Smart city framework - PAS 181 Aims
PAS 181 Smart City Framework
•  Establish a good practice framework for city
leaders (from the public, private and voluntary
•  To develop, agree and deliver smart city
strategies that can transform their city’s
ability to meet its future challenges and deliver its
future aspirations
•  Focus on the enabling processes by which new
technologies coupled with organizational change
can help deliver the diverse visions for future UK
cities in more efficient, effective and sustainable
Four key components of the Smart City Framework
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Source: PAS 181
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Creating a shared understanding between stakeholders
Success depends on creating a common understanding and shared
goals between all stakeholders, inside and outside the city boundary:
City authority
Public and private sector delivery partners
National service providers and commissioning authorities
Residents of the city and the surrounding area
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Understanding between stakeholders – current projects
•  PD 8100 Overview description of
a smart city - in preparation
•  PAS 180 Smart City Vocabulary
to establish common terminology
that can be used across services and
delivery channels.
Publication: February 2014
•  Smart city standards map to
identify existing standards across all
standards bodies
Sharing data across the city
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Sources of
Information &
Bringing together data from the built environment, local authority
databases and user-generated data
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PAS 182 – Smart city data concept model
• Catalogue data holdings leading to
improved discovery and re-use
• Reduce ‘re-collection’ of data that
already exists
• Re-use patterns and components that
act on a concept
• Enable re-use of data, services and
solutions between agencies
• Promote a ‘master data’ approach
where definitive and authoritative
information is published for each concept
• Support requirements definition and
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Further interoperability challenges
Key areas identified for future standardization:
•  The need to define what is the requirement at the Framework Level:
the Interoperability Ecosystem.
•  A General Guide covering infrastructure and data use in cities
•  A Code of Practice for Open Data covering definition and access
•  A requirement for technical specifications for a Digital Consumer
Alignment with standards programmes on BIM, internet of things, open
data will be critical
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Procurement and developing the business case
Smart city projects are hard to fund using a conventional return-on-investment
•  Good practice on developing a
fundable business case is needed
•  Performance standards for smart
city components and services
will help in procurement
•  New approaches to collaboration
in city projects should be
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Managing risks and resilience
Smart cities will need to address
the concerns of citizens:
•  Standards exist or are being
developed for information security
(ISO 27001), data protection (BS
10012) and privacy management
in the cloud (ISO 27017)
•  Standards are needed for
accessibility of digital services and
resilience of city systems
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The smart city standards landscape
Standards should codify the
knowledge that cities need to:
•  Develop smart city
•  Implement better
organizational processes
•  Develop new products and